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01 October Current Affair For All Competition Exam

1. Wage Compensation Scheme for Pregnant Women in Assam.

  • Assam Government will launch the scheme for tea Gardener. 

Related Information

  • The scheme will provide better health and nutrition supplements to the pregnant women. 
  • More than 60,000 women are likely to be benefited by the scheme.
  • The compensation of wages to pregnant women of amount Rs. 12,000 will be given in 4 installments. 
  • The scheme is likely to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality in the tea areas.

Other scheme related to Pregnant Women

Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana

  • Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana previously Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana is a maternity benefits program run by the government of India.
  • It was introduced in 2010 and is implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • It is a conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above for the first live birth.

Janani Suraksha Yojna

  • The Janani Suraksha Yojana is a centrally sponsored Scheme in 2015.
  • Janani Suraksha Yojana is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission.

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Source- AIR

2. Russia –India agenda on S-400 Air Defence System

  • India has signed a defense deal worth nearly Rs 39,000 crore with Russia to purchase five states of art S-400 ‘Triumf’ air defense systems.

Related Information

  • The state-of-the-art S-400 Triumf is considered one of the most advanced long-range defense systems in the world also known as SA-21 Growler by NATO.
  • The S-400 was developed as an upgrade of the S-300 series of surface-to-air missile systems.
  • Its powerful radars can track hundreds of targets simultaneously and destroy a range of targets.
  • S-400 capable to destroy all types of aerial targets including aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), and ballistic and cruise missiles
  • It has a range of 400 km and can hit targets at a height of up to 30 km.

Ka-226T helicopters

  • The Kamov-226T helicopters will replace the ageing Cheetah and Chetak fleets.
  • The helicopters will be made by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) with Russian cooperation under Make In India.
  • Ka-226T is a powerful, light and multirole helicopter operated day and night in the difficult adverse condition like high mountains, hot climate, and marine areas.
  • It has the speed of 205 Km/h having the range of 600km
  • It is used for reconnaissance, monitoring, targeting, and transportation.

Source The Hindu

3. MiG-21s to be gifted to Russia by India

  • India-Russia bilateral summit is likely to be the gifting of three MiG-21 fighter jets to Russia.

Related Information

  • The Soviet Union was the first which produce MiG-21
  • It made first flight in 1956 and entered service in 1959.
  • However, Russia stopped producing the aircraft in 1985, while India continued operating the upgraded variants.
  • India inducted the MiG-21s in 1963 and got full technology transfer and rights to license-build the aircraft in the country.
  • It is the first supersonic fighter aircraft of the Indian Air Force.
  • The aircraft to be gifted are in flight-worthy condition and the cost of creating and transportation will be borne by the Russians.
  • This will be the major symbolic gesture to showcase the all-weather friendship and deep strategic partnership between India and Russia.
  • The aircraft will get new registration numbers and may be adopted for vintage flight.

Source The Hindu

4. 59 plant species in IUCN threat categories

  • International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) recently identified the threat status of 59 Indian plant species.

Related Information

  • The study revealed 59 plant species that are at risk of “elimination” if the threat levels they face are not assessed soon.
  • In the report, there are 10 species which are critically endangered, 18 endangered, six vulnerable, five near threatened and one species each are data deficient and least concern.

Palm Bentinckia Nicobarica

  • The palm is endemic to Great Nicobar Island which is listed in Critically endangered from the currently listed endangered based on its distributional attributes

Responsible Factors declining the species:

  1. Habitat loss was a huge factor affecting many declining plant population in wild.
  2. The seed show low viability also caused the decline in the natural environment.

Impact of report

  • This would help the conservation efforts for the palm  
  • Also, help to provide the funding to sponsor research and conservation activities to save them.

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Source The Hindu

5. Competition Law Review Committee enacted to review the Competition Act

  • The objective of this to ensuring that Legislation is in sync with the needs of strong economic fundamentals.

Related Information

  • Secretary, Ministry of Corporate Affairs is the Chairperson of the Committee along with other members.
  • The Competition Act was passed in the year 2002.
  • The Commission started functioning in right earnest from 2009.
  • The Commission from 2009 onwards plays an important role in creating competition and fair play practices in the Indian market.
  • India is today amongst the top five Economies in the World and poised to forge ahead further.
  • Competition Law is strengthened and re-calibrated to promote best practices which result in the citizens of this country achieving their aspirations and value for money.

Committee focused areas are:

  • To review the Competition Act/ Rules/ Regulations in the volatile business environment.
  • To look into international best practices in the competition fields eg. anti-trust laws, merger guidelines and handling cross-border competition issues.
  • To study other regulatory regimes, institutional mechanisms, government policies which overlap with the Competition Act.

Note

  • The Committee shall complete its work and submit its report within three months of the date of its first meeting.

Source- Economics Times

6. Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention

  • The Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention will be organized by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation in New Delhi.
  • It also coincides with the fourth anniversary of the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission and also the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.

Related Information

  • It will provide a platform for Sanitation Ministers and other leaders in WASH (water, sanitation, and hygiene) from around the world.
  • The UNO Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 6.2), i.e. to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all.
  • India is close to becoming open defecation free.
  • Overall, 503 districts and 24 States have been declared open defecation-free.
  • The rural sanitation coverage of India has increased significantly, from 39% in October 2014 to 94.44% as of 30 September 2018
  • The Union government had informed Lok Sabha that 11 states, including Gujarat, have been declared as ODF under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM).

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Source The Hindu

7. Madhya Pradesh to have cow ministry

  • The Govt. of MP announced to setup up “ Cow Ministery which will replace the existing Madhya Pradesh Gaupalan Evam Pashudhan Samvardhan Board.

Objective

  • To conserve biodiversity in the aspect of extinction of indigenous cow breeds.
  • Breed improvement, conservation of indigenous cow breeds & Value addition of cow products of Madhya Pradesh. 

Source-PIB

8. Kanyakumari’s lighthouse set to beam anew

  • A lighthouse is a structure designed to help in navigate for maritime pilots at sea or on inland waterways.

Related Information :

  • This lighthouse was built in the 18th-century Muttom facility will become a tourist attraction.
  • It is the first lighthouse in the country which will be constructed under the Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode.

Facilities in Lighthouse 

  • It has laser show facility which will also develop under PPP model.
  • It has also the restaurant-cum-food court, coffee shop and recreational center are among the facilities.

Source AIR

9. PM inaugurated Mahatma Gandhi Museum at Rajkot

  • The Prime Minister inaugurated the Mahatma Gandhi Museum in Rajkot.
  • The Museum has been set up at the Alfred High School, which was an important part of the formative years of Mahatma Gandhi.
  • It will help spread awareness about Gandhian culture, values, and philosophy.

Source-PIB

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