1. Wage Compensation Scheme for Pregnant Women in Assam.
- Assam Government will launch the scheme for tea Gardener.
- The scheme will provide better health and nutrition supplements to the pregnant women.
- More than 60,000 women are likely to be benefited by the scheme.
- The compensation of wages to pregnant women of amount Rs. 12,000 will be given in 4 installments.
- The scheme is likely to reduce maternal and neonatal mortality in the tea areas.
Other scheme related to Pregnant Women
Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana
- Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana previously Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana is a maternity benefits program run by the government of India.
- It was introduced in 2010 and is implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
- It is a conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above for the first live birth.
Janani Suraksha Yojna
- The Janani Suraksha Yojana is a centrally sponsored Scheme in 2015.
- Janani Suraksha Yojana is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission.
2. Russia –India agenda on S-400 Air Defence System
- India has signed a defense deal worth nearly Rs 39,000 crore with Russia to purchase five states of art S-400 ‘Triumf’ air defense systems.
- The state-of-the-art S-400 Triumf is considered one of the most advanced long-range defense systems in the world also known as SA-21 Growler by NATO.
- The S-400 was developed as an upgrade of the S-300 series of surface-to-air missile systems.
- Its powerful radars can track hundreds of targets simultaneously and destroy a range of targets.
- S-400 capable to destroy all types of aerial targets including aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), and ballistic and cruise missiles
- It has a range of 400 km and can hit targets at a height of up to 30 km.
- The Kamov-226T helicopters will replace the ageing Cheetah and Chetak fleets.
- The helicopters will be made by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) with Russian cooperation under Make In India.
- Ka-226T is a powerful, light and multirole helicopter operated day and night in the difficult adverse condition like high mountains, hot climate, and marine areas.
- It has the speed of 205 Km/h having the range of 600km
- It is used for reconnaissance, monitoring, targeting, and transportation.
Source The Hindu
3. MiG-21s to be gifted to Russia by India
- India-Russia bilateral summit is likely to be the gifting of three MiG-21 fighter jets to Russia.
- The Soviet Union was the first which produce MiG-21
- It made first flight in 1956 and entered service in 1959.
- However, Russia stopped producing the aircraft in 1985, while India continued operating the upgraded variants.
- India inducted the MiG-21s in 1963 and got full technology transfer and rights to license-build the aircraft in the country.
- It is the first supersonic fighter aircraft of the Indian Air Force.
- The aircraft to be gifted are in flight-worthy condition and the cost of creating and transportation will be borne by the Russians.
- This will be the major symbolic gesture to showcase the all-weather friendship and deep strategic partnership between India and Russia.
- The aircraft will get new registration numbers and may be adopted for vintage flight.
Source The Hindu
4. 59 plant species in IUCN threat categories
- International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) recently identified the threat status of 59 Indian plant species.
- The study revealed 59 plant species that are at risk of “elimination” if the threat levels they face are not assessed soon.
- In the report, there are 10 species which are critically endangered, 18 endangered, six vulnerable, five near threatened and one species each are data deficient and least concern.
Palm Bentinckia Nicobarica
- The palm is endemic to Great Nicobar Island which is listed in Critically endangered from the currently listed endangered based on its distributional attributes
Responsible Factors declining the species:
- Habitat loss was a huge factor affecting many declining plant population in wild.
- The seed show low viability also caused the decline in the natural environment.
Impact of report
- This would help the conservation efforts for the palm
- Also, help to provide the funding to sponsor research and conservation activities to save them.
Source The Hindu
5. Competition Law Review Committee enacted to review the Competition Act
- The objective of this to ensuring that Legislation is in sync with the needs of strong economic fundamentals.
- Secretary, Ministry of Corporate Affairs is the Chairperson of the Committee along with other members.
- The Competition Act was passed in the year 2002.
- The Commission started functioning in right earnest from 2009.
- The Commission from 2009 onwards plays an important role in creating competition and fair play practices in the Indian market.
- India is today amongst the top five Economies in the World and poised to forge ahead further.
- Competition Law is strengthened and re-calibrated to promote best practices which result in the citizens of this country achieving their aspirations and value for money.
Committee focused areas are:
- To review the Competition Act/ Rules/ Regulations in the volatile business environment.
- To look into international best practices in the competition fields eg. anti-trust laws, merger guidelines and handling cross-border competition issues.
- To study other regulatory regimes, institutional mechanisms, government policies which overlap with the Competition Act.
- The Committee shall complete its work and submit its report within three months of the date of its first meeting.
Source- Economics Times
6. Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention
- The Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention will be organized by the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation in New Delhi.
- It also coincides with the fourth anniversary of the launch of Swachh Bharat Mission and also the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.
- It will provide a platform for Sanitation Ministers and other leaders in WASH (water, sanitation, and hygiene) from around the world.
- The UNO Sustainable Development Goal (SDG 6.2), i.e. to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all.
- India is close to becoming open defecation free.
- Overall, 503 districts and 24 States have been declared open defecation-free.
- The rural sanitation coverage of India has increased significantly, from 39% in October 2014 to 94.44% as of 30 September 2018
- The Union government had informed Lok Sabha that 11 states, including Gujarat, have been declared as ODF under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM).
Source The Hindu
7. Madhya Pradesh to have cow ministry
- The Govt. of MP announced to setup up “ Cow Ministery which will replace the existing Madhya Pradesh Gaupalan Evam Pashudhan Samvardhan Board.
- To conserve biodiversity in the aspect of extinction of indigenous cow breeds.
- Breed improvement, conservation of indigenous cow breeds & Value addition of cow products of Madhya Pradesh.
8. Kanyakumari’s lighthouse set to beam anew
- A lighthouse is a structure designed to help in navigate for maritime pilots at sea or on inland waterways.
Related Information :
- This lighthouse was built in the 18th-century Muttom facility will become a tourist attraction.
- It is the first lighthouse in the country which will be constructed under the Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode.
Facilities in Lighthouse
- It has laser show facility which will also develop under PPP model.
- It has also the restaurant-cum-food court, coffee shop and recreational center are among the facilities.
9. PM inaugurated Mahatma Gandhi Museum at Rajkot
- The Prime Minister inaugurated the Mahatma Gandhi Museum in Rajkot.
- The Museum has been set up at the Alfred High School, which was an important part of the formative years of Mahatma Gandhi.
- It will help spread awareness about Gandhian culture, values, and philosophy.