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07 September Current Affair For All Competition Exams

1. NASA-funded Rocket to View Sun with X-Ray Vision

Related information

FOXSI (Focusing Optics X-ray Solar Imager) mission

  • FOXSI is a sounding rocket mission.
  • FOXSI is a collaboration between NASA and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 
  • The sounding rockets make brief 15-minute journeys above Earth’s atmosphere for a peek at space before falling back to the ground.
  • Smaller, cheaper and faster to develop than large-scale satellite missions.
  • FOXSI will travel 190 miles up, above the shield of Earth’s atmosphere, to stare directly at the Sun and search for nanoflares using its X-ray vision.
  • FOXSI is the first instrument built specially to image high-energy X-rays from the Sun by directly focusing them.
  • FOXSI is so far the only instrument to optimize especially for the Sun.

NOTE-

  • This will be FOXSI’s third flight.
  • Its first flight was in 2012, during which it successfully viewed a small solar flare in progress.
  • Its second flight was in 2014 when it detected the best evidence at the time of X-ray emission from nanoflares.
  • The third mission follows up on this discovery, but this time it includes a new telescope designed for imaging lower-energy, so-called soft X-rays as well.

Source-NASA

2. NASA Will Launch 2 Rockets to Test a Mars Parachute and Track ‘Nanoflares’.

Related information

Nanoflares

  • A nanoflare is also called tiny flares.
  • It is a very small episodic heating event.
  • It happens in the corona, the external atmosphere of the Sun.

Source- NASA

3. 3rd Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM)

  • Conference on ‘Global Ageing and Human Rights of Older Persons’.
  • India will be represented by Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • It is being held in Seoul, Korea.

Related Information

The Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM)

  • The Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) is an Asian–European political dialogue forum.
  • The ASEM Summit is a biennial meeting.
  • To enhance relations and various forms of cooperation between its partners.
  • The main components of the ASEM process rest on the following 3 pillars:
    (a) Political & Security Pillar
    (b) Economic & Financial Pillar
    (c) Social, Cultural & Educational Pillar
  • It was officially established on 1st March 1996.
  • At the first summit in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • ASEM currently has 53 partners: 51 countries and 2 regional organizations.

NOTE

  • The European Union and the ASEAN Secretariat are the regional organizations involved.
  • Asia-Europe Foundation (ASEF), the only permanently established institution under the ASEM framework.

Source-PIB

4. Mauritius takes the UK to court over the Chagos Islands

Related information

Chagos Island

  • The Chagos Islands are a group of seven atolls.
  • Comprising more than 60 individual tropical islands in the Indian Ocean about 500 kilometers (310 mi) south of the Maldives.
  • This chain of islands is the southernmost archipelago of the Chagos-Laccadive Ridge, a long submarine mountain range in the Indian Ocean.
  • Officially part of British Indian Ocean Territory.
  • The United Kingdom evicted the Chagossians people between 1967 and 1973.
  • To build a military base on Diego Garcia, the largest of the Chagos Islands.
  • Since 1971, only the atoll of Diego Garcia is inhabited, and only by military and civilian contracted personnel.

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Source- Times of India

5. Supreme Court bats for minor rape survivors

  • The apex court extended the National Legal Services Authority’s (NALSA) compensation scheme for women rape and sexual assault survivors to minor children.

Related Information

National Legal Services Authority of India (NALSA)

  • NALSA was formed on 5 December 1995.
  • Under the authority of the Legal Services Authorities Act 1987.
  • Its purpose is to provide free legal services to eligible candidates.
  • To organize Lok Adalats for speedy resolution of cases.
  • The Chief Justice of India is patron-in-chief of NALSA.
  • The second seniormost judge of the Supreme Court of India is the Executive-Chairman.
  • The prime objective of NALSA is speedy disposal of cases and reducing the burden of the judiciary.

Source- The Hindu

6. Atal Pension Yojana indefinitely extended

  • The scheme, which was earlier for four years, lapsed in August 2018, but the cabinet has decided to extend it and keep it open-ended.
  • Earlier, people of age 18 to 60 years were entitled to enroll in the scheme. But now have relaxed it further to 65 years.
  • All accounts opened after August 28 will have an accident insurance limit of Rs 2 lakh, double the earlier Rs 1 lakh limit.
  • The overdraft facility of the scheme from Rs 5,000 to Rs 10,000.

Related Information

Atal Pension Yojana

  • Atal Pension Yojana (previously known as Swavalamban Yojana) is a government-backed pension scheme in India targeted at the unorganized sector.
  • It was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 9th May 2015 in Kolkata.
  • Age- Min 18 years, Max- 40 years
  • The Union Govt. would also co-contribute 50% of the subscriber’s contribution or Rs. 1000 per annum, whichever is lower.
  • Under the scheme, a subscriber will receive a minimum guaranteed pension of 1000 to 5000 rupees per month, depending on his contribution, from the age of 60 years.

Source- The Hindu

7. India to participate in PISA after 9-year boycott Official

  • India has decided to participate in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).
  • It tests the learning level of 15-year-olds.
  • After a gap of 9 years.
  • India had taken part in PISA in 2009 and bagged the 72nd rank among 74 participating countries.

Related Information

Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)

  • PISA is a worldwide study by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
  • Formed in 1997.
  • It intends to evaluate educational systems by measuring 15-year-old school pupils’ scholastic performance in mathematics, science and reading.
  • It was first performed in 2000.
  • It is then repeated every three years.
  • Its aim is to provide comparable data with a view to enabling countries to improve their education policies and outcomes.
  • It measures problem solving and cognition.

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Source- Business Standards

8. Indian navy ships & aircraft arrive in Sri Lanka to participate in joint exercise SLINEX-2018

  • The exercise to be conducted in two phases, namely the Harbour and Sea Phase.

NOTE

  • Sri Lanka Air Force personnel would also join in the exercise for the first time.
  • The exercise which was previously held biannually has been converted to an annual event from this year

Related Information

SLINEX (Sri Lanka India Naval Exercise)

  • SLINEX are a series of naval exercises between the Indian Navy and the Sri Lanka Navy.
  • The first ever SLINEX exercise took place in 2005.

Source- AIR

9. Iran to handover Chabahar port to Indian co for operation in a month: Iranian Minister.

Related Information

Chabahar Port

  • Chabahar Port is a seaport in Chabahar.
  • Located in southeastern Iran, on the Gulf of Oman.
  • It is on the Makran coast of Sistan and Baluchistan Province, next to the Gulf of Oman and at the mouth of Strait of Hormuz.
  • It serves as Iran’s only oceanic port.
  • It consists of two separate ports named Shahid Kalantari and Shahid Beheshti, each of which has five berths.
  • Chabahar Port also provides direct access to India’s Farkhor Air Base in Tajikistan.
  • Opened in 1983.
  • It is the only Iranian port with direct access to the Indian Ocean.
  • Chabahar is 700 km away from Zahedan, the capital of the Sistan and Baluchistan province, 950 km away from Milak, the closest city to the Afghan border.

Source- Indian Express

10. 2nd World Hindu Congress (WHC)

Related Information

World Hindu Congress

  • It is a global platform for Hindus to connect, share ideas, inspire one another, and impact the common good.
  • It offers Hindus an opportunity to introspect towards improvement.
  • Inaugurated in 2014.
  • The second World Hindu Congress will be held in Chicago, Illinois, the U.S. from September 7 – 9, 2018.

Source-PIB

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