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12 September Current Affair For All Engineering Exam

1. Pluto should be reclassified as a planet

  • In 2006, the International Astronomical Union, a global group of astronomy experts, established a definition of a planet.
  • The definition agreed upon requires that an object meet three conditions to qualify as a planet:
    1. It must orbit the sun.
    2. It must be massive enough that its gravity pulls it more or less into a spherical shape.
    3. It must clear the neighborhood around its orbit.

Why was Pluto not classified as a planet?

  • Since Neptune’s gravity influences its neighboring planet Pluto, and Pluto shares its orbit with frozen gases and objects in the Kuiper belt, that meant Pluto was out of planet status.

New Expert Study

  • It argued that the third piece of that definition does not match historical usage by scientists and should be revoked.
  • Moons such as Saturn’s Titan and Jupiter’s Europa have been routinely called planets by planetary scientists since the time of Galileo.
  • It recommends classifying a planet based on if it is large enough that its gravity allows it to become spherical in shape.

Related Information

The International Astronomical Union (IAU)

  • IAU is an international association of professional astronomers.
  • At the Ph.D. level and beyond, active in professional research and education in astronomy.
  • Formed in 28th July, 1919.
  • Headquarters in Paris, France
  • It acts as the internationally recognized authority for assigning designations and names to celestial bodies (stars, planets, asteroids, etc.) and any surface features on them.
  • The IAU is a member of the International Council for Science (ICSU).
  • Its main objective is to promote and safeguard the science of astronomy in all its aspects through international cooperation.

Source- Science Daily

2. ‘Pondicherry shark’ spotted near Kakinada

Related Information

Pondicherry Shark

  • Known as ‘Pala Sora’ in the local parlance.
  • It was once found throughout Indo-Pacific coastal waters from the Gulf of Oman to New Guinea.
  • It is known to enter fresh water.
  • Protection:
    1. Listed as an endangered species, under the provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
    2. The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has listed the Pondicherry shark as Critically Endangered.
  • The Pondicherry Shark is on the verge of extinction. 
  • The shark is among the 25 “most wanted lost” species that are the focus of Global Wildlife Conservation’s “Search for Lost Species” initiative.

Source- The Hindu

3. Nepal backs out of BIMSTEC joint military exercise in Pune

  • The field training exercise will be conducted between September 10 and 16 at the Foreign Training Node at Aundh in Pune.
  • Armies of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Thailand, and Nepal were to participate in it.

NOTE

The withdrawal of the Nepal Army from the event is a first-of-its-kind in BIMSTEC history.

Related information

The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC)

  • BIMSTEC is an international organization of seven nations of South Asia and South East Asia.
  • The BIMSTEC member states are:
    1. Bangladesh
    2. India
    3. Myanmar
    4. Sri Lanka
    5. Thailand
    6. Bhutan
    7. Nepal
  • The permanent secretariat is in Dhaka.
  • Established on 6th June 1997.

NOTE-

Chairmanship – Sri Lanka, Since September 2018.

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Source- Indian Express

4. India joins the elite group of countries capable of Air-to-Air fuel transfer

  • The Air-to-Air refueling capability for Tejas is a force multiplier for the Indian Air Force, giving the aircraft the potential to stay airborne for much longer periods of time

Related Information

TEJAS

  • The HAL Tejas is an Indian single-seat, single-jet engine, multirole light fighter.
  • Designed by the Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA) and Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) for the Indian Air Force and Indian Navy.
  • In 2003, the Light Combat Aircraft(LCA) was officially named “Tejas”.
  • It provides high maneuverability.
  • It is the smallest and lightest in its class of contemporary supersonic combat aircraft.

Source- AIR

5. INDO-MONGOLIA joint exercise Nomadic Elephant-2018

Nomadic Elephant-2018, commenced at Mongolian Armed Forces (MAF) Five Hills Training Area, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia.

Related Information

Exercise Nomadic Elephant

  • Exercise Nomadic Elephant is an annual, bilateral exercise.
  • Since 2006.
  • For strengthening the partnership between Indian Army and Mongolian Armed Forces.
  • The Indian contingent is represented by a contingent of 17 PUNJAB Regiment.
  • While the Mongolian contingent is represented by Unit 084 of the Mongolian Armed Forces. 

Source-PIB

6. Government inaugurates First Regional Workshop on RERA

Related Information

The Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Act, 2016

  • RERA, 2016 is an Act of the Parliament of India.
  • It seeks to protect home-buyers.
  • It also helps boost investments in the real estate industry.
  • It acts as an adjudicating body for speedy dispute redressal.
  • The Central and state governments are liable to notify the Rules under the Act within a statutory period of six months.

Source-PIB

7. India’s first 205-tonne dump truck by BEML launched in Mysuru

  • The country’s first 205T Electric Drive Rear Dump Truck (BH205-E).
  • It designed and developed at the Mysuru plant of Bharat Earth Movers Limited (BEML), a PSU under the Ministry of Defence.

Related Information

BH205-E

  • BH205-E has been developed for large-scale mining operations.
  • It is powered by Tier-II emission complaint modular common rail electronic engine with 2300HP.
  • The AC drive system has been engineered to provide exceptional haul road performance with reduced maintenance.
  • The truck weighs 335 tonnes.
  • It is easily maneuverable with power-steering and short turning radius.
  • It has an ergonomically designed dashboard and a tiltable telescopic steering wheel.

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Source- The Hindu

8. Union Women and Child Development Maneka see animals in the wrong role

Maneka Gandhi has locked horns with the Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI), accusing it of being lax in enforcement of rules that specify how wild animals can be depicted in films and television programmes.

Related Information

The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960

  • The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act is an Act of the Parliament of India.
  • Enacted in 1960.
  • To prevent the infliction of unnecessary pain or suffering on animals.
  • Also, to amend the laws relating to the prevention of cruelty to animals.

The Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI)

  • AWBI headquartered at Ballabhgarh in Haryana state.
  • Established in 1962, under The Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act,1960.
  • It is a statutory advisory body.
  • It advises the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
  • It was previously based at Chennai.

Source- The Hindu

9. International Whaling Commission

Related Information

The International Whaling Commission (IWC)

  • IWC is an international body.
  • Founded in 2nd December 1946.
  • The headquarters of the IWC is in Impington, near Cambridge, England.
  • The IWC is the decision making the body of the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling.
  • It is the body that regulates whaling and ultimately decides what happens to whales.

Source- Business Standard

10. Heritage tag for 2 irrigation facilities in Telangana.

  • The highest decision making the body of International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID), at Saskatoon in Canada, has accepted Telangana government’s nomination of Sadarmatt anicut and Pedda Cheruvu in the ICID Register of Heritage Irrigation Structures.

Related Information

Sadarmatt anicut

  • The anicut, which is the English word for Telugu’s ana-katta, meaning a rainfall bund.
  • It was built by Nawab Ikbal-ud-Dowla who bore the title of Vicar-ul-Umrah Bahadur in 1891-92.
  • It is across river Godavari in Nirmal district.
  • Constructed in 1891-92.
  • Sadarmatt bund is 437.4 m long on its left flank and 23.8 m on its right flank.

Pedda Cheruvu

  • The Pedda Cheruvu (big tank in Telugu).
  • Located on the outskirts of Kamareddy district is spread over an area of 618 acres.
  • It was built in 1897.
  • During the rule of Mir Mahaboob Ali Khan, the sixth Nizam of Hyderabad State.
  • It has a 1.8-km-long tank bund and 145-meter weir and three sluices.

The International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID)

  • ICID, established in 1950.
  • It is a leading scientific, technical, international not-for-profit, non-governmental organization.
  • ICID is a professional network of experts from across the world in the field of irrigation, drainage, and flood management.
  • The main mission is to promote ‘Sustainable agriculture water management’.
  • For achieving ‘Water secure world free of poverty and hunger through sustainable rural development’.

Source- The Hindu

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