1. India and Bangladesh launched railway, power projects
1. 5-kilometer railway link between Akhaura in Bangladesh and Agartala in Tripura.
- The project was agreed in 2010 and is expected to be operational in the next two years.
- It will aim to boost trade and connectivity between Bangladesh and the landlocked northeast.
- It will also reduce the travel time and distance between Kolkata and Agartala.
2. Rebuilding the Kulaura-Shahbazpur section of Bangladesh Railways.
- It is seen as part of a trans-Asian railway project that seeks to connect South Asia to Southeast Asia.
3. 500MW additional power supply from India to Bangladesh.
- Through the existing Bheramara-Baharampur interconnection.
- Bangladesh will reach 1.016GW of electricity supply from India.
Source- The Hindu
2. Apsara – U Reactor Becomes Operational at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay
- It is the first and the oldest research reactor in Asia.
- Apsara is a highly versatile swimming pool-type of the reactor.
- Became operational in Trombay campus of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre(BARC) in August 1956.
- It was shut down in 2009 for a revamp.
- It is being recommissioned after 9 yrs.
- The research reactor’s earlier French made enriched fuel has been replaced with an Indian made enriched fuel.
- It is now operational as ‘Apsara-U'(upgraded).
- This reactor will increase indigenous production or radio-isotopes for medical application by about 50 %.
- It would also be exclusively used for research in nuclear physics, material science and radiation shielding.
3. Kartarpur Sahib pilgrim corridor
- It is in Kartarpur Sahib, now in Pakistan, Narowal district.
- The gurdwara at Kartarpur stands at the site of the final resting place of the first Sikh Guru.
- It is just across the border from Dera Baba Nanak in Gurdaspur district.
- It stands on the bank of the Ravi.
- About 120 km northeast of Lahore.
- It was here that Guru Nanak assembled a Sikh community.
- He lived for 18 years there until his death in 1539.
4. INDO-US joint military exercise Yudh Abhyas 2018
Exercise Yudh Abhyas
- Exercise Yudh Abhyas 2018 is scheduled to be conducted in the foothills of the Himalayas.
- At Chaubattia in Uttarakhand.
- From 16 September to 29 September 2018.
- This will be the 14th edition of the joint military exercise.
- It is hosted alternately by both countries.
- Yudh Abhyas series started in 2004.
5. Government launches a web portal “Rail Sahyog”
- It will provide a platform for the Corporates & PSUs to contribute to the creation of amenities at/near Railway Stations through Corporate Social Responsibility(CSR) funds.
- The companies desirous of contributing can register their requests on the portal.
- Based on the principle of first come first serve, the requests will be shortlisted.
- The selected ones will be intimated to deposit the funds with Railways agencies like RITES, RAILTEL and so on.
- The activities identified to be funded through CSR include:
- The construction of toilets in circulating areas of all stations with the provision of low-cost sanitary pad vending machine.
- The incinerator will be added in female toilets and a condom vending machine in male toilets.
- Providing free wifi at stations.
- Provision of benches at station platforms as a facility for senior citizens and disabled.
- The installation of bottle crushing machines.
- Separate dustbins for both wet and dry garbage.
6. Historians oppose Monuments Bill
The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment) Bill, 2017
- The Bill amends the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (AMASR) Act, 1958.
- The bill allows the government to take up infrastructure projects within prohibited areas around protected monuments.
- The Act, which originally instituted conservation measures and banned construction activities near protected monuments, is now sought to be amended so that public works could be allowed within the 100 m prohibited zone.
- It empowers the central government to allow public works based on the recommendation of National Monuments Authority (NMA).
7. ‘SLINEX-2018’ joint exercise between navies of India and Sri Lanka
- It is a bilateral naval exercise between India and Sri Lanka
- SLINEX which was previously held once in two years.
- It is scheduled to be held as an annual event from this year onwards.
- The first ever SLINEX exercise took place in 2005.
8. Prime Minister Narendra Modi calls on people to be a part of the ‘Swachhata Hi Seva Movement
Swachhta Hi Seva Campaign
- It is a nationwide sanitation campaign.
- Launched on 15th September 2017.
- At Iswarganj village in Kanpur.
- The aim of the Swachh Bharat Mission is to achieve a clean and open defecation free India by October 2, 2019.
- The objectives are:
- Generating demand for toilets leading to their construction and sustained use by all household members
- Promoting better hygiene behavior amongst the population
- Improving cleanliness by initiating solid and liquid waste management projects.
- Coordinated by Union Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation.
9. An exoplanet discovered 145 light years away
- An exoplanet twice as big as the Earth, Wolf 503b, was discovered with the help of NASA’s Kepler Space Telescope.
- Exoplanet Wolf 503b is 145 light years away from Earth.
- In the constellation of Virgo.
- Being 10 times closer than Mercury is to its star.
- The planet orbits its star, Wolf 503, once every 6 days.
- Exoplanets are the celestial bodies orbiting stars other than our Sun.
- Their small size makes them difficult to detect from Earth.
- They are hidden by the bright glare of the stars they orbit.
- The nearest exoplanet is Proxima Centauri b.
10. Health Ministry issues a notification for bringing the HIV/AIDS Act, 2017 in force
- The provisions of the Act address HIV-related discrimination.
- Strengthen the existing programme by bringing in legal accountability.
- Establish formal mechanisms for inquiring into complaints and redressing grievances.
- It seeks to prevent and control the spread of HIV and AIDS.
- The requirement for HIV testing as a pre-requisite for obtaining employment or accessing health care or education is also prohibited.
- Every HIV infected or affected person below the age of 18 years has the right to reside in a shared household and enjoy the facilities of the household.
- It also prohibits any individual from publishing information or advocating feelings of hatred against HIV positive persons and those living with them.
- A person between the age of 12 to 18 years who has maturity in understanding HIV or AIDS shall be competent to act as a guardian of another sibling below 18 years of age.
- Every person in the care and custody of the state shall have the right to HIV prevention, testing, treatment and counseling services.
Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)
- HIV/AIDS is an infection caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
- The late symptoms of infection are referred to as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
- HIV is spread primarily by unprotected sex (including anal and oral sex), contaminated blood transfusions, hypodermic needles, and from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding.
Source- The Hindu
11. NITI Aayog, Intel and TIFR collaborate to set up a Model International Center for Transformative AI (ICTAI)
Model International Center for Transformative AI (ICTAI)
- This initiative is part of NITI Aayog’s ‘National Strategy for Artificial Intelligence’
- It is based in Bengaluru.
- It aims to conduct advanced research to incubate AI-led solutions in three important areas:
- Smart mobility
- By bringing together the expertise of Intel and TIFR.
12. 39th Session of Human Rights Council
- The 39th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council(UNHRC) will be held on 10–28 September 2018, at the Palais des Nations, in Geneva, Switzerland.
United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC)
- Its mission is to promote and protect human rights around the world.
- It has 47 members.
- The headquarters of UNHRC is in Geneva, Switzerland.
- It was established by the UN General Assembly on March 15, 2006.
Source- Business Standard