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19 September Current Affair For All Competition Exams

1. HDI report finds inequality high in India, higher in Pakistan and Bangladesh

  • The latest human development index (HDI) report released by the United Nations Development Programme shows India’s inequality-adjusted HDI (IHDI) at 0.468 or a 26.8% drop from its unadjusted HDI of 0.640.
  • On both indices (the higher the better), India is ahead of Bangladesh and Pakistan.
  • India climbed one spot to 130 among 189 countries.
  • Top ranking
    • Norway
    • Switzerland
    • Australia
    • Ireland
    • Germany
  • While Niger, the Central African Republic, South Sudan, Chad and Burundi have the lowest scores in the HDI’s measurement of national achievements in health, education and income. 

Related Information

The Human Development Index (HDI)

  • The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistic (composite index) of:
    • Life expectancy
    • Education
    • Per capita income indicators
  • The HDI was developed by Indian economist Amartya Sen and Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq which was further used to measure the country’s development by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
  • The 2010 Human Development Report introduced an Inequality-adjusted Human Development Index (IHDI).

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

  • UNDP is the United Nations’ global development network.
  • The UNDP was founded on 22nd November 1965.
  • With the merging of the Expanded Programme of Technical Assistance (EPTA) and the Special Fund.
  • Headquartered in New York City.
  • It provides expert advice, training and grants support to developing countries, with increasing emphasis on assistance to the least developed countries.
  • The organization operates in 177 countries, where it works with local governments to meet development challenges and develop local capacity.

Source – Indian Express

2. Child death below 5 declined faster in India: UN.

  • The reports have been released by the United Nations Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (UNIGME).
  • UNIGME is a combination of Unicef, the World Health Organization (WHO), the UN Population Division and the World Bank Group.
  • It says that the death of children below the age of five continues to steadily reduce in India, declining from nearly 22 percent in 2012 to 18 percent in 2017, which is now for the first time below the one million marks.

Key Highlights:

  • The under-five mortality rate of India at 39 per 1000 now equals that of the world, highlighting the much faster decline by India in the last five years as compared to the global decline.
  • According to the report, the gender gap in child survival has reduced almost four-fold in the last five years, with under-five mortality of girl child now being 2.5 percent higher, compared to nearly 10 percent in 2012.
  • An estimated 6.3 million children under 15 years of age died in 2017 and the vast majority of these deaths, 5.4 million occurred in the first five years of life.
  • Globally in 2017, half of all deaths under five years of age took place in sub-Saharan Africa and another 30 percent in Southern Asia. 
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, one in 13 children died before their fifth birthday.
  • In high-income countries, that number was one in 185. 
  • In 2017, 2.5 million newborns died in their first month. A baby born in sub-Saharan Africa or in Southern Asia was nine times more likely to die in the first month than a baby born in a high-income country. 
  • The most children under five die due to preventable or treatable causes such as complications during birth, pneumonia, diarrhea, neonatal sepsis and malaria. 
  • Under-five mortality rates among children in rural areas are, on average, 50 percent higher than among children in urban areas.

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Source- Economic Times

3. Mt Everest Friendship Exercise

  • The second edition of Nepal-China joint military exercise – Mt Everest Friendship Exercise-2018 also called as Sagarmatha Friendship-2018, took place in China’s southwestern Sichuan province.
  • It will focus on combating terror and disaster management training.
  • This joint exercise is aimed at promoting military relations and enhance interoperability between armies of Nepal and China.

NOTE

  • Sagarmatha is the Nepali name for Mt Everest, which stands in between both the countries.
  • The first exercise was held in April 2017, at Maharajgunj in Kathmandu (capital of Nepal).

Source- The Hindu

4. Asia Pacific Policy Group says Pakistan action against terror funding not satisfactory

Related Information

Asia/Pacific Group on Money Laundering(APG)

  • The APG is the FATF-style regional body for the Asia-Pacific region.
  • It is an inter-governmental (international) organization.
  • Founded in 1997 in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • The APG consists of 41 member jurisdictions and a number of observer jurisdictions and international/regional observer organizations.
  • The APG has two Co-Chairs: one permanent and one two-year term rotating Co-Chair.
  • The APG secretariat is located in Sydney, Australia.

NOTE-

  • The permanent Co-Chair is Australia.
  • The current rotating Co-Chair is Bangladesh.

Source- The Hindu

5. The US ranks near the bottom on the commitment to the development

Related Information

Commitment to Development Index (CDI) 

  • It is an index which ranks 27 of the world’s richest countries on their dedication to policies that benefit people living in the poorer nations.
  • It is an annual report.
  • Published by the Washington-based Center for Global Development (CGD).
  • Top Countries:
    • Sweden
    • Denmark
    • Germany and Finland
  • The US remained in the 23rd spot out of 27 rich countries in the survey.
  • Only Poland, Greece, South Korea, and Japan were rated lower than the US.

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Source- Economic Times

6. One manual scavenging death every five days: Official data

  • One person has died every five days, on an average, while cleaning sewers and septic tanks across the country, according to numbers collated by the National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK).
  • The data, which is based mostly on newspaper reports and numbers supplied by a few state governments.
  • It is the first such official attempt to account for the deaths of sewer and septic tank cleaners.

Key Highlights:

  • According to NCSK, 123 people employed in hazardous forms of manual scavenging lost their lives while at work since January 2017.
  • The last one week alone has seen a total of six deaths in the National Capital Region.
  • There are no numbers available on those employed in sewer and septic tank cleaning.
  • All previous and ongoing exercises at compiling data have been restricted to accounting for those removing human excreta from dry latrines, open drains, and single pit toilets in villages.
  • In the reported instances are high in:
    • Haryana
    • Uttar Pradesh
    • Delhi
    • Gujarat
  • The NCSK data shows Maharashtra as having had just two deaths in this period.
  • As per NCSK data, the Rs 10 lakh compensation that is mandated under the law in case of manual scavenging deaths, has been paid in only 70 of the 123 cases.

Related Information

National Commission for Safai Karamcharis (NCSK)

  • NCSK was constituted on 12th August 1994.
  • It is a statutory body.
  • Under the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.
  • The Chairperson and Members of the Commission undertake extensive touring of the country to study the socio-economic and living conditions of Safai Karamcharis and their dependents.
  • During their visits, the members of the Commission interact with the Safai Karamcharis- both individually as well as through their representative associations.
  • The grievances of the Safai Karamcharis are then taken up by the Commission with the concerned local civil and police authorities.
  • Based on its findings, the Commission gives its recommendations for rehabilitation and liberation of Safai Karamcharis from the scourge of manual scavenging to the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment from time to time as well as in its Annual Reports.

Source- Indian Express

7. Government initiates consolidation – amalgamated entity to be India’s third largest bank

  • Bank of Baroda, Vijaya Bank, and Dena Bank may consider amalgamation.
  • It will be the first-ever three-way bank amalgamation process commences.
  • With a combined business of Rs. 14.82 lakh crore, it will become India’s Third Largest Bank.

8. PM Modi and his Bangladeshi counterpart Sheikh Hasina to jointly flag off construction of Indo-Bangla pipeline project

Related information

Indo-Bangla pipeline project

  • The 130-kilometer pipeline will connect Siliguri in West Bengal in India and Parbatipur in Dinajpur district of Bangladesh.
  • The estimated will be completed in 30 months time.
  • The capacity of the pipeline will be 1 million metric tons per annum.
  • The six-kilometer Indian leg of the pipeline project will be implemented by the Assam-based Numaligarh Refinery Limited.
  • The remaining 124 kilometers of the pipeline project will be implemented by Bangladesh Petroleum Corporation.
  • The project will replace the existing practice of sending diesel by rail covering a distance of 510 kilometers.

Source- AIR

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