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23 May Current Affair : IES-UPSC-SSC-Bank Exam

  1. “AYUSH” finds a place in the English Language

The Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology has decided to adopt the word ‘AYUSH’ in Hindi and English languages for scientific and technical purposes.

What is the meaning of Ayush?

  • As approved by the Commission, the word ‘Ayush’ will have the meaning “Traditional and Non-Conventional Systems of Health Care and Healing which include Ayurveda, Yoga, Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa Rigpa, Homoeopathy etc.”

Advantages of this decision:

  • The decision would add strength to the efforts of the Ministry of AYUSH to develop integrated solutions to manage the public health challenges of the Country.
  • In the long term, it will highlight the unifying features of the different systems. 
  • It would facilitate projects and activities of larger scope to emerge promoting faster development of these systems. 
  • This decision will also give a boost to India’s efforts to find a place for the Indian Systems of Healthcare in the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) of the World Health Organization. 
  • The Indian systems finding a place in ICD will lead to their international acceptance, increased rigor of research in them.

Related Information

About International Classification of Diseases (ICD):

  • The International Classification of Diseases is the standard diagnostic tool for epidemiology, health management, and clinical purposes.
  • This includes the analysis of the general health situation of population groups.
  • It is used to monitor the incidence and prevalence of diseases and other health problems, providing a picture of the general health situation of countries and populations.
  • The first international classification edition, known as the International List of Causes of Death, was adopted by the International Statistical Institute in 1893.
  • WHO was entrusted with the ICD at its creation in 1948.
  • The ICD is revised periodically and is currently in its 10th revision.

Commission for Scientific and Technical Terminology:

  • The Commission for Scientific & Technical Terminology (CSTT) was set up in 1960 by a resolution of Government of India under Article 344 of the Constitution with the objective to evolve and define scientific and technical terms in Hindi and all Indian languages; publish glossaries, definitional dictionaries, encyclopaedia.

Source: PIB

  1. KVIC sets world record on World Honey-Bee Day
  • Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) has created a new world record of distributing the maximum number of bee-boxes in a single day.
  • KVIC beat the previous best record of 841 in Israel around two years ago.
  • KVIC distributed 1000 bee-boxes among 100 people belonging to the Mishing Assamese tribe in the Kaziranga forest.
  • May 21 is celebrated as World Honey Bee Day.

Why was this step taken?

  • The KVIC had aimed to create jobs for youths giving them a skilful pair of hands.
  • It will ensure production of high-quality honey from these bee-boxes in the zero-pollution Kaziranga area.
  • The bee-keeping will also enhance the rich flora and fauna of the Kaziranga forest area through cross-pollination.
  • At Kaziranga, practical training was imparted to 100 beneficiaries in 
    (a) Examination of honeybee colonies, 
    (b) Acquaintance with apicultural equipment, 
    (c) Identification and management of bee enemies and diseases,
    (d) Honey extraction and wax purification, and 
    (e) Management of bee colonies in spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter seasons.

About KVIC

  • The Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) is a statutory body established by an Act of Parliament.
  • PMEGP (Pradhan Mantri Employment Generation Programme) is a central sector scheme administered by the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MoMSME).
  • At the national level, the Scheme is being implemented by Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) as the single nodal agency.
  • At the State level, the Scheme will be implemented through State KVIC Directorates, State Khadi and Village Industries Boards (KVIBs) and District Industries Centres (DICs) and banks.

About Apiculture

  • Beekeeping (or apiculture) is the maintenance of bee colonies, commonly in man-made hives, by humans.

Source: PIB

  1. Former CECs’ suggest various Electoral Reforms

At a round-table conference, Former Chief Election Commissioners (CECs), said that effective measures should be taken by the election body (Election Commission) to counter the negative influence of social media ahead of polls.

What suggestions were made?

  • Steps should be taken, particularly in the last 48 hours ahead of elections, to counter the undue influence of social media.
  • Matching of EVM and VVPAT slips should be done at more polling stations
  • More stringent action against abuse of money power.
  • Awareness programmes should be extended to educate all the voters about benefits of EVM/VVPAT.
  • An urgent need to control hate speeches in the larger public interest was also emphasised.
  • It was deliberated to analyse the duration of polls so that the number of phases is reduced. The lesser number of phases will reduce the period of Model Code of Conduct, which has its implications in multiple phases of elections.

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Source: The Hindu

  1. Mission Innovation Ministerial Meet
  • Union Minister for Science & Technology, Earth Sciences, Environment, Forests and Climate Change Dr Harsh Vardhan will be leading an Indian delegation for participation in the Mission Innovation Ministerial.
  • It is being held at Malmo-Sweden during 22-23 May 2018.
  • During the visit, Minister will showcase India’s commitment to clean energy through research, development and demonstration programmes initiated in partnership with Mission Innovation countries in various domains of clean energy. 

What is Mission Innovation?

  • Mission Innovation is a global platform of 23 countries and European Union.
  • It is aimed at accelerating clean energy innovations through enhanced Government funding, greater public-private sector partnership and enhanced global cooperation. 
  • India is the founding member of Mission Innovation. 
  • The Minister will also explore opportunities for research cooperation with Mission Innovation countries for affordable clean energy innovations.

Source: PIB

  1. Banihal-Qazigund road link
  • Banihal-Qazigund tunnel along the Jammu-Srinagar National Highway is likely to be operational by next year.

Why was a new tunnel needed?

  • The existing Jawahar tunnel, under the Banihal pass, is at an elevation of 2,194 metres making it prone to avalanches.
  • The new Banihal-Qazigund tunnel’s elevation is 400 metres below the Jawahar tunnel.
  • This makes it less prone to avalanches.
  • The tunnel has two parallel tubes, one for each direction.
  • The tunnel will have forced ventilation for extracting smoke and stale air and for infusing fresh air.
  • It will have state-of-the-art monitoring and control systems for security.

Source: The Hindu

  1. First commercial flight lands in Arunachal Pradesh since Independence
  • The landmark in the Indian civil aviation history: The first fixed-wing commercial aircraft that took off from the Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi Airport in Guwahati landed at the Pasighat Airport in Arunachal Pradeshon 21st May 2018.
  • Out of the eight north-eastern states, Arunachal Pradesh now has become the last to be on the country commercial flight service map.
  • Though the state of Arunachal Pradesh had air-transport facility from the pre-independence, it was mainly for the use of armed forces.

Source: Indian Express

  1. Sterlite Copper plant project
  • Vedanta’s Sterlite Copper plant in Tuticorin is facing intense protests over its failure to follow environmental norms.
  • Tuticorin, a coastal city, hosts one of the biggest ports in the country, aiding the company’s operations.
  • Protests against Sterlite Copper’s operations began nearly two decades ago.
  • They got intensified earlier this year after the company announced the expansion of its plant.
  • At least nine people were killed in police firing on 22nd
  • Residents claim: The plant’s operations have contaminated the groundwater in the area and it has caused severe health problems.

Source: Indian Express

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