1. UNDP report lauds India’s strides in reducing poverty in the past decade
According to MPI 2018 released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative, there are 271 million fewer poor people in India in this period.
The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) 2018 says:
- Despite the massive gains made in reducing multidimensional poverty, 364 million Indians continue to experience acute deprivations in health, nutrition, schooling, and sanitation.
- Just over one in four multidimensionally poor people in India are under ten years of age.
- Traditionally disadvantaged groups, in terms of castes, religions etc, continue to be the poorest though they have experienced the biggest decadal reduction in MPI.
- About 196 million MPI poor people in India, accounting for more than half of all multidimensionally poor in India, live in the four states of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhya Pradesh.
- While Delhi, Kerala, and Goa have the lowest incidence of multidimensional poverty.
Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)
- The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) was developed in 2010 by the Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme.
- It uses different factors to determine poverty beyond income-based lists.
- It replaced the previous Human Poverty Index.
- The global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is an international measure of acute poverty covering over 100 developing countries.
The following ten indicators are used to calculate the MPI:
- Education (each indicator is weighted equally at 1/6)
- Years of schooling: deprived if no household member has completed six years of schooling.
- Child school attendance: deprived if any school-aged child is not attending school up to class 8.
- Health (each indicator is weighted equally at 1/6)
- Child mortality: deprived if any child has died in the family in the past 5 years.
- Nutrition: deprived if any adult or child, for whom there is nutritional information, is stunted.
- Standard of Living (each indicator is weighted equally at 1/18)
- Electricity: deprived if the household has no electricity.
- Sanitation: deprived if the household’s sanitation facility is not improved, or it is improved but shared with other households.
- Drinking water: deprived if the household does not have access to safe drinking water (according to MDG guidelines) or safe drinking water is more than a 30-minute walk from home roundtrip.
- Floor: deprived if the household has a dirt, sand or dung floor.
- Cooking fuel: deprived if the household cooks with dung, wood or charcoal.
- Assets ownership: deprived if the household does not own more than one of-
- Radio, TV, telephone, bike, motorbike or refrigerator and does not own a car or truck.
Source- Indian express
2. India is in advanced negotiations with the US to acquire armed Predator-B or weaponised Sea Guardian drones.
Predator-B or weaponised Sea Guardian drones.
- They are high-altitude, long-endurance unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
- They can fire ‘Hellfire’ missiles or ‘smart’ bombs at enemy targets before returning to their bases to re-arm for the next mission like manned fighter jets.
- Predator and Reaper armed drones were used against Taliban targets in the Afghanistan-Pakistan region.
- They are controlled through satellites and flown by ground-based “pilots and weapon operators” at the Creech Air Force Base in Nevada (US) over 7,500 miles away.
Source- Economic Times
3. India third worst hit in world by terror, after Iraq and Afghanistan: US data
- According to the data released by US Department of state, for the second year in a row, India is the third largest victim of terror attacks across the world after Iraq and Afghanistan.
- While CPI-Maoists, which carried out 53% of the total attacks in India, is the fourth deadliest terror group after Islamic State, Taliban, and Al-Shabaab.
According to the national consortium for the study of terrorism and responses to terrorism, contracted by the US Department of state:
- Jammu and Kashmir witnessed a 24% increase in terror attacks in 2017 and an 89% increase in the number of people killed in those attacks.
- Out of a total 860 terror attacks across India in 2017, 25% were reported from J&K alone.
- Terming Maoists as the fourth deadliest terror group in the world, the US study has stated that it was responsible for 53% of attacks in India in 2017.
- The frequency of terrorist violence by Maoist extremists in India declined between 2016 and 2017 with respect to the number of attacks (from 338 in 2016 to 295 in 2017); however, the number of people killed increased 16%, and the number of people injured increased 50%,
- While Maoists were involved in 295 total attacks in India, only global outfits ahead of them are Al-Shabaab with 353 attacks, Taliban with 703 attacks and Islamic State with 857 attacks.
- Till 2015, Pakistan was the third most affected country in the world.
Source- Times of India
4. PM Modi will launch a series of developmental projects in Odisha
The developmental projects in Odisha include:
- An airport at Jharsuguda- This airport shall bring western Odisha on the aviation map of India.
- A plaque marking the revival of Fertilizer Plant at Talcher- This is the first plant in India which will have a coal gasification-based fertilizer unit and natural gas.
- New Jharsuguda-Barapali-Sardega railway line.
5. PM to launch Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana at Ranchi
The Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY) will be launched at Ranchi, Jharkhand, on September 23, 2018.
Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana
- It is an ambitious healthcare scheme.
- Under this scheme, over 10 crore families will be provided health insurance worth Rs 5 lakh each.
The Prime Minister will launch the scheme on September 23 but effectively it will become operational from September 25 on the birth anniversary of Jan Sangh co-founder Deendayal Upadhyay.
6. Inaugural of Pakyong Airport in Sikkim
- It is Sikkim’s first-ever airport.
- It is perched between the Himalayan ranges at a height of 4,500 ft.
- The Pakyong airport will be the country’s 100th functional airport.
- It which will bring the State of Sikkim on the country’s aviation map.
- It is a greenfield airport, being the Northeast’s first.
- It is skilfully engineered to include soil reinforcement and slope stabilisation techniques in the context of the altitude it has been built in.
7. US denounces China’s “awful abuses” of Muslim Uighurs.
Beijing has rejected UN estimates that more than a million members of Muslim minorities are being held in internment camps in China’s western Xinjiang region.
- The largest of China’s administrative regions, Xinjiang borders eight countries – Mongolia, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan and India – and until recently its population was mostly Uighur.
- It has been under Chinese control since 1949 when the communist People’s Republic of China was established.
- Some activists, including those who seek independence from China, refer to the region as East Turkestan.
- Uighurs are mostly Sunni Muslim.
- Islam is an important part of their life and identity.
- Their language is related to Turkish.
- They regard themselves as culturally and ethnically close to the Central Asian nation.
- Uighurs speak their own language — an Asian Turkic language similar to Uzbek.
Source- Indian Express
8. ISRO setting up the launch pad for Gaganyaan mission.
- The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is setting up a third launch pad at Sriharikota to undertake the Gaganyaan manned space flight programme.
- ISRO will use its GSLV Mk-III launch vehicle, which can carry the heavier payload of the Gaganyaan, and this will take off from the new launch pad.
- In addition, ISRO is scouting for a location on the western sea coast near Gujarat to set up another launch pad for Small Satellite Launch Vehicles (SSLV).
- ISRO is developing the SSLV to offer affordable launch options for smaller satellites through Antrix, the space agency’s commercial arm.
- ISRO currently piggybacks smaller satellites on the PSLV and GSLV along with bigger satellites.
- The SSLV is expected to reduce the launch time as well as cost less to launch small satellites.
Source- The Hindu
9. Satellite control set to give drones more sting
- India is set for a quantum jump in the way it undertakes drone operations by upgrading from existing ground control stations to satellite-control of military unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs).
- This significant capability boost will come with the launch of GSAT-7A, an advanced military communications satellite built by ISRO.
- The satellite is specially geared for RPA (remotely-piloted aircraft) operations.
- The GSAT-7A, developed for IAF, will be the country’s second dedicated military satellite after GSAT-7 or ‘Rukmini’ was launched for the Navy in 2013.
Source- Economic Times