- Israel, India to commemorate Centenary of the Battle of Haifa.
- The Battle of Haifa is being commemorated in Israel, Delhi, and Jaipur.
- The Indian Army commemorates September 23 every year as Haifa Day to pay its respects to the two brave Indian Cavalry Regiments, Mysore and Jodhpur Lancers, that helped liberate the city following a dashing cavalry action by the 15th Imperial Service Cavalry Brigade.
The Battle of Haifa
- The Battle of Haifa was fought on 23 September 1918.
- During the Battle of Haifa, the Indian 15th (Imperial Service) Cavalry Brigade, 5th Cavalry Division and part of the Desert Mounted Corps attacked rearguard forces of the Ottoman Empire that resulted in the capture of the towns of Haifa and Acre.
- India successfully test fires Prithvi Defence missile
- India successfully conducted a first interceptor missile test off the Odisha coast.
- This made India achieve a major milestone in developing a two-layer Ballistic Missile Defence system.
- The interceptor was launched from Abdul Kalam Island of the Integrated Test Range (ITR).
Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV)
- This Prithvi Defence Vehicle (PDV) mission is for engaging the targets in the exo-atmosphere region at an altitude above 50 km of the earth’s atmosphere.
- In an automated operation, radar-based detection and tracking system detected and tracked the enemy’s ballistic missile.
- Once the missile crossed the atmosphere, the Heat Shield ejected and the IR Seeker dome opened to look at the target location as designated by the mission computer.
- Government plans waterway freight corridor via Bangladesh to northeastern states
- India and Bangladesh share a 4,095-km border, of which 1,116 km is along rivers.
- The proposed 900-km waterway would be used to transport freight from the northern and eastern states to the northeast.
- It would start near Haldia in West Bengal, go to the Sundarbans, merge into the Padma river in Bangladesh and then join up with the Brahmaputra in Assam.
- The Padma is a major river in Bangladesh.
- It is the main distributary of the Ganges, flowing generally southeast for 120 kilometers (75 mi) to its confluence with the Meghna River near the Bay of Bengal.
- The city of Rajshahi is situated on the banks of the river.
- The name the Padma is given to the lower part of the course of the Ganges (Ganga) below the point of the off-take of the Bhagirathi River (India), another Ganges River distributary also known as the Hooghly River.
- The Padma enters Bangladesh from India near Nawabganj and meets the Jamuna near Aricha and retains its name, but finally meets with the Meghna near Chandpur and adopts the name “Meghna” before flowing into the Bay of Bengal.
Source- Economic Times
- Government mulls ordinance to fast-track settlement of commercial disputes
- Seeking to improve India’s ranking on the ease of doing business index, the government is mulling an ordinance which provides for time-bound settlement of commercial disputes and makes arbitrators accountable.
- The draft law provides for a time-bound settlement of disputes as well as accountability of the arbitrator.
- The amendments to the Arbitration Act will facilitate achieving the goal of improving institutional arbitration by establishing an independent body to lay down standards, make arbitration process more friendly, cost-effective and ensure timely disposal of arbitration cases.
- It provides for setting up of an independent body – Arbitration Council of India (ACI), which will frame arbitral institution and accredit arbitrators by laying down norms.
- The ACI will frame proper rules as to how institutions would be graded, norms to be followed, monitoring of quality and performance, and encourage training of arbitrators.
- The bill, which amends the 1996 Act, is part of the government’s efforts to encourage institutional arbitration for the settlement of disputes and make India a center of robust Alternative Dispute Resolution Mechanism.
Source- Economic Times
- 73rd session of the UN General Assembly
The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)
- The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN).
- The only one in which all member nations have equal representation, and the main deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the UN.
- Its powers are to:
- Oversee the budget of the UN
- Appoint the non-permanent members to the Security Council
- Appoint the Secretary-General of the United Nations
- Receive reports from other parts of the UN
- Make recommendations in the form of General Assembly Resolutions.
- Formed in 1945.
- All 193 members states of the United Nations are members of the General Assembly.
- Headquarters in New York.
- President inaugurates centenary celebrations of Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha
Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha
- Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha is an organization whose main goal is to improve Hindi literacy among the non-Hindi speaking people of South India.
- Headquarters in Chennai.
- Established in 1918.
- Founded by Mahatma Gandhi.
- The organization was established by Annie Besant with support from Mahatma Gandhi, who became the founder president of the Sabha, who held the post till his death.
- In 1964, the institution was recognized by the Indian Government as one of the Institutes of National Importance.
- Miniature human oesophagus has grown in the lab
- In a first, scientists have successfully grown oesophageal organoids — miniature, functional versions of the human food pipe — using stem cells, paving the way for new ways to study and test drugs against gut disorders.
- The tissue was grown entirely from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), which can form any tissue type in the body.
- The oesophagus is also known as the gullet or food pipe.
- It’s part of the digestive system, which is sometimes called the gastro-intestinal tract (GI tract).
- It is a muscular tube that actively passes food from the mouth to the stomach.
- The organ can be affected by congenital diseases, such as oesophageal atresia — a narrowing or malformation of the oesophagus caused by genetic mutations.
- Stem cells are a class of undifferentiated cells that are able to differentiate into specialized cell types.
- Commonly, stem cells come from two main sources:
- Embryos formed during the blastocyst phase of embryological development (embryonic stem cells)
- Adult tissue (adult stem cells)
Source- The Hindu
- “Mushairas” to be organized by the Ministry of Minority Affairs
- Ministry of Minority Affairs is organizing “Mushairas”, based on the themes of teachings and principles of Mahatma Gandhi, across the country to commemorate 150th Birth Anniversary of the Father of the Nation.
- First such “Mushaira” will be held on 06th October, 2018 in New Delhi.
- Renowned Urdu poets will be performing various programmes based on the themes of Mahatma Gandhi’s message of harmony, national integrity, democratic values, non-violence and global peace.
- Mushaira is a poetic symposium.
- It is an event where poets gather to perform their works.
- A mushaira is a beloved part of the culture of Pakistan, North India, and the Deccan, particularly among the Hyderabadi Muslims, and it is greatly admired by participants as a forum for free self-expression.
- India, Oman may talk on Duqm port
- Located on the south-eastern seaboard of Oman.
- Overlooking the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean.
- The Duqm port is an important maritime landscape in West Asia.
- It has the potential to develop into one of the region’s largest ports in the long run.
- The port will act as India’s entry point for wider West Asia and Eastern Africa.
- Oman is strategically situated mid-way between India’s western coast and Africa’s eastern coast.
- It has been an old maritime power in the region whose reach stretched from modern-day Pakistan to the eastern part of Africa.
- It is India’s oldest defense partner in West Asia and an ally in its anti-piracy campaign.
- It is the only country in West Asia that conducts exercises of all three forces – army, air force, and navy – with India.
Source- Economic Times
- NASA balloon mission may help improve weather forecasting
- The images of a thin group of seasonal electric blue clouds on the cusp of our atmosphere captured by a new NASA balloon mission may lead to improved weather forecasting.
- Data from these clouds, known as noctilucent clouds or polar mesospheric clouds (PMCs), may help scientists better understand turbulence in the atmosphere, as well as in oceans, lakes and other planetary atmospheres.
- The NASA long-duration balloon mission observed these clouds over the course of five days at their home in the mesosphere.
- NASA’s PMC Turbo mission launched a giant balloon on July 8 to study PMCs at a height of 50 miles above the surface.
- For five days, the balloon floated through the stratosphere from its launch at Esrange, Sweden, across the Arctic to Western Nunavut, Canada.
- During its flight, cameras on board the balloon captured high-resolution images.
- Noctilucent clouds coalesce as ice crystals on tiny meteor remnants in the upper atmosphere. These clouds are affected by what is known as atmospheric gravity waves — caused by the convecting and uplifting of air masses, such as when the air is pushed up by mountain ranges.