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29-30 September Current Affair For All Competition Exams

1. Global Language Park (bhasha van in Hindi) in Pune

  • In what is certainly the first such experiment in the country, and perhaps the world, the eminent linguist Ganesh Devy plans to set up a Global Language Park (bhasha van in Hindi) in Pune.
  • It will be located on a one-acre plot on the premises of the Savitribai Phule Pune University (SPPU).
  • Conceptualised as part of the 84th PEN (Poets, Essayists, Novelists) International Congress that is underway in the city, the park will have about 80 ‘language ’.
  • The idea is to physically represent 6,000 of the world’s spoken tongues in one space.
  • Each tree represents the languages and dialects derived from the family or parent tree.
  • Set to open in January 2019, the park will have a tree-lined walkway.
  • Each plant will be equipped with a ‘bespoke audio tour’ to aid visitors.
  • Audio samples of songs, poems, folktales, sayings, and jokes will be drawn from different world languages.

Source- The Hindu

2. NITI Aayog and United Nations in India sign Sustainable Development Framework for 2018-2022

Related Information

United Nations Sustainable Development Framework(UNSDF)

  • The UNSDF was framed following a highly participative process, in consultation with government entities, civil society representatives, academia, and the private sector.
  • The UNSDF outlines the development cooperation strategy between the Government of India and the United Nations Country Team in India.
  • It supports the achievement of India’s key national development priorities and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • The focus areas include poverty and urbanization; health, water, and sanitation; education; nutrition and food security; climate change, clean energy, and disaster resilience; skilling, entrepreneurship, and job creation; and gender equality and youth development.

Source-PIB

3. Apex Court declines SIT probe in Bhima Koregaon case

  • The Supreme Court refused to interfere with the arrest of five rights activists by the Maharashtra Police in connection with the Koregaon-Bhima violence case and also declined to appoint a SIT for a probe into their arrest. 

Key ruling:

  • The CJI said arrests were not because of dissent of activists but there was prima facie material to show their link with the banned CPI (Maoists) organization. 
  • The apex court said that the accused persons cannot choose which investigating agency should probe the case.
  • It also said this it was not a case of arrest merely because of a difference in political views.
  • The majority verdict said the house arrest of the accused shall remain in force for four weeks to enable them to seek appropriate legal remedy at an appropriate legal forum. 

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Source- The Hindu 

4. Centre to hike grant for SDRF

  • The Centre has enhanced its contribution in the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) from 75% to 90% with effect from April 1.
  • Kerala, which has recently faced the worst floods, will be a major beneficiary of the Centre’s decision. Henceforth all States will be required to contribute 10% to the SDRF.

Related information

National Disaster Response Force (NDRF)

  • The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is a specialized force constituted “for the purpose of specialist response to a threatening disaster situation or disaster” under the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
  • Formed in 2006.
  • It is the “Apex Body for Disaster Management” in India is the National Disaster Management Authority(NDMA).
  • The Chairman of the NDMA is the Prime Minister.
  • The responsibility for disaster management in India’s federal system is that of the State Government.
  • The ‘nodal Ministry’ in the central government for management of natural disasters is the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).

State Disaster Response Force (SDRF)

  • The SDRF has been constituted in each State in which the Centre, so far, had been contributing:
    • 75% for the general category states.
    • 90% for special category States of hilly regions every year.
  • The SDRF is a resource available to the States to meet the expenses of relief operations of immediate nature, for a range of specified disasters.
  • Based on the recommendations of successive Finance Commission, the central government approves the annual allocation to SDRF.
  • On the recommendations of 14th Finance Commission, the government has significantly enhanced the allocation to SDRF by 82.30% for 2015-16 to 2019-20.

Source- The Hindu

5. Locate Public Toilets on Google Maps MoHUA partners with Google to launch #LooReview Campaign

  • The Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, under the aegis of Swachh Bharat Mission – Urban (SBM – U), has partnered with Google to launch the Loo Review campaign.\
  • One of the objectives of the Swachh Bharat Mission – Urban (SBM – U) is to provide sanitation coverage through public toilet facilities across cities in India for achieving Open Defecation Free (ODF) status.

Related Information

Loo Review campaign

  • It is to encourage all local guides in India to rate and review public toilets on Google Maps.
  • This campaign is part of a feature which allows all citizens to locate public toilets in their cities on Google Maps, Search and the Assistant and also provide feedback on the same. 
  • 500+ cities in India with more than 30,000 toilets with the name of “SBM Toilet” are currently live on Google Maps.

Source-PIB

6. Government launches Rail Heritage Digitisation Project of Indian Railways in collaboration with Google Arts & Culture

  • The project is a landmark effort.
  • First of its kind in this part of the globe.
  • For showcasing country’s Rail Heritage to National and International audience in an online story-telling platform.
  • This project is the largest cultural heritage digitization project not only in India but possibly the Asia Pacific Region.
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Source-PIB

7. NITI Aayog and Oracle sign a Statement of Intent to pilot drug supply-chain using the blockchain

  • NITI Aayog signed an agreement with cloud services provider Oracle, hospital chain Apollo Hospitals, and pharmaceutical manufacturer Strides Pharma Sciences to curb the distribution of fake drugs using new technologies.
  • Oracle’s blockchain software permanently registers a drug’s record in the manufacturer’s drug supply chain (serial number, labeling, scanning), leaving no scope for record tampering

NOTE-

  • The Indian pharmaceutical industry is the third largest in the world in volume, accounting for 10% of the world’s production.
  • A recent report by World Health Organisation estimates 20% of all drugs sold in India are fake.
  • Also, as the largest producer of generic drugs in the world, India is reported to be the source of 35% of all counterfeit drugs sold worldwide.

About Blockchain technology in drug supply-chain

  • Blockchain technology helps to permanently register a drug’s record in the manufacturer’s drug supply chain (serial number, labelling, scanning), leaving no scope for record tampering.
  • At every point of hand change, it records the drug’s movement – from manufacturer to logistics, to the stockist to the hospital, or pharmacy to the consumer.
  • In case of a fake drug, the software will detect irregularity.
  • Additionally, critical information such as chemical ingredients of the drug or maintenance of temperature control in case of life-saving drugs or vaccines can also be tracked.

Source- The Hindu

8. Bullet train: Japan lends ₹5,500 crore.

  • Japan has granted a loan of ₹5,500 crore for the Mumbai-Ahmedabad bullet train project on Friday.
  • The Embassy of Japan said that the amount was part of the tranche 1 of the Mumbai-Ahmedabad High-Speed Rail Project (MAHSR).
  • The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the funding body in charge of the bullet train project.
  • It simultaneously issued ₹1,600 crore for the metro rail system between Howrah Maidan to Salt Lake Sector V.
  • The West Bengal project is part of the Kolkata East-West Metro Project.

Source- The Hindu

9. 1st corn festival of the country

  • In Madhya Pradesh, the first corn festival of the country is being held in Chhindwara.
  • The festival is one of a kind international event.

NOTE

  • Madhya Pradesh is one of the largest corn producing states in India, with Chhindwara being the highest corn producing district.

Source – AIR

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